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External Debt Management

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Introduction: EXTERNAL DEBT (or foreign debt) is that part of the total debt in a country that is owed to creditors outside the country. The debtors can be the government, corporations or private households. The debt includes money owed to private commercial banks, other governments, or international financial institutions such as the IMF and World Bank.

The design of an adequate strategy for public debt management should include proper consideration of a number of questions. Among them, several come to mind: (a) how much public debt should be issued in domestic markets and how much in foreign capital markets? (b) What should be the currency denomination of new public debt issues? (c) What is the optimal maturity structure of public debt? (d) Should governments consider redeeming in advance some issues and refinance them on different terms? (e) Should public debt be issued at fixed or variable rates and (f) should public debt issues be directed to a particular segment of the market (financial institutions, other institutional investors, corporate sector, etc).Most of these choices entail a trade-off between the level and the variance of debt costs and are highly dependent on both the domestic macroeconomic context and conditions in international markets. Nonetheless, the debt management strategy has important implications for the economy as a whole. Good liability management should result in lower borrowing costs and unobstructed access to international capital markets, while minimizing any crowding-out effects on private sector borrowing. The choice of the specific characteristics of the debt portfolio involves difficult decisions. While on a pure cost-based analysis it is tempting to choose short-term over long-term debt, the latter might Brady bond spreads for different emerging market economies have behaved similarly, though at different levels, in the midst of financial crises or increased uncertainty. Thus, the liquidity of emerging marketsí securities and the collective behavior of institutional investors make the financial authoritiesí tasks more difficult, particularly since systemic risk may rise swiftly. Over the past decade, capital mobility has increased many times over and its main features have also changed, especially those related to the allocation between foreign investment and traditional lending. Mexico, as a recipient economy, has witnessed those events.

Number of Pages of Project Report: 61
Package Includes: Project Report
Project Format: Document (.doc)

Table of Contents of Project Report:
1. Introduction to External (Foreign) Debt Management
- Definition
- External Debt and Macroeconomic Considerations
- Important Aspects Related to External Debt Management
-- Financial Techniques
-- How much to borrow
-- Managing Risk
-- Knowing the Best
2. External Debt Sustainability
- Indicators of External Debt Sustainability 3. Debt Management Strategy- A Global Overview
4. External Debt Development and Management (Some Reflections on India): Introduction
- Burden on External Debt in India
- External Debt Management Policy
- Problems of External Debt Management in India
5. Crisis and Reform in the 1990s
6. Composition of Capital Flows
7. Special Purpose External Commercial Borrowing
8. Foreign Currency Deposits
9. India's External Debt as at the end of March, 2006
10. Policy Perspectives on External Debt Management
11. External Commercial Borrowings Policy Guidelines
12. The Future


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