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FDI sets the stage for WalMart to enter India

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Introduction:
FDI in retail sector in India has brought the Government and the Indian traders at loggerheads. Stormy sessions in the parliament, strikes and processions on the road, seminars and debates on the pros and cons of FDI in multi brand retail induces us to review the prospect of FDI in India through a different perspective.

FDI in retail sector is not allowed, it is only allowed up to 51 % in single brand and government is still considering the opinion of allowing FDI in multi brand segment.100% FDI is allowed in cash and carry wholesale and export trading, both wall mart and Carrefour have already entered in India in this segment. Many big giants like Wall mart, Carrefour are waiting to earn their fortune in continuously growing market. FDI in retail sector will have both positive and negative effect if allowed. Both organized and unorganized sector will face adverse competition from global players. Wal-Mart has a turnover of $256 billion and growing at an average of 12 -13 % annually. Average size of its stores is 85000sq ft and average turnover is $51 million. Organized sector retail outlets in India like pantaloons, reliance cannot compare with the giant let alone the small retailers. Indian government still fears that if FDI is allowed in retail then unorganized sector will be affected very badly and it will result in a large lot of unemployed retailers and other youth which is employed in the supply chain, this unemployed lot can’t be absorbed in manufacturing or service sector which can ultimately push a large chunk of population below poverty line. In India unorganized retail is a ‘forced employment sector’, there are large number of retail outlets because when youth dose not find enough employment opportunities or is not educated enough then the easiest resort to earn decent money is to save money or get a loan to set up a shop. On an average a retailer earns Rs.186075 annually and only 4% of 12 million retail outlets have area more than 500 square ft. Now if FDI is allowed in such an unorganized sector than many changes can happen which can be positive or negative.
Objectives of the study:
1. The Objective is to analysis the impact of retail giants on local retail markets in developing economies (Countries).
2. The inflow of FDI in the Indian economy has been since the 1990’s, what we are trying to present here is an analysis of the effect which this investment has had.
3. Reason why Indian Govt. Is not in favour of FDI.
4. Impact of FDI on the economy (Indian Firms).

Number of Pages of Project Report: 75
Package Includes: Synopsis/Project Proposal + Project Report
Project Format: Document (.doc)

Table of Contents of Project Report:
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 2: RETAILING IN INDIA
Growth over 1997-2010
Growth after 2011
Challenges

CHAPTER 3: FDI IN INDIA
Trends of Foreign Direct Investment in India since 1991
Foreign Direct Investment - Concept & Policy
Types of FDI
Investment in India
Foreign Direct Investment Policy
The FDI boom in India

CHAPTER 4: LITERATURE REVIEW
Foreign direct investment and economic growth
Foreign Direct Investment policy since 1991

CHAPTER 5: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research Question
Research Objective
Research Design
Methodology

CHAPTER 6: ANALYSIS
FDI in “single-brand” retail
FDI in “multi-brand” retail
Government “safety valves” on FDI
Benefits of FDI in multi-brand retail
Limitations of the present setup
Rationale behind Allowing FDI in Retail Sector
A Start Has Been Made
Government move on FDI in Retail
Disadvantages of retail FDI
Policy on FDI in Retil Trading
Experience of other Developing Nations
Why FDI in retail trade is needed for India
Walmart controversy
CONCLUSIONS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Online References

 


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