Fire continues to be a significant cause of loss to buildings under construction or renovation. Simply put, these buildings are just more susceptible to damage by fire, and the magnitude and nature of this susceptibility varies during the course of a project.
Once a fire is allowed to occur, there is uncertainty as to how serious its impact will be. As a project moves towards completion, this uncertainty just gets greater and greater.
Whether it is a new home, a new department store, or a new high rise building there is a very real potential that major portions of the project will need to be razed and replaced if a fire is allowed to start.
Reduce the potential or severity of a fire by applying the new construction fire prevention guidelines contained in this Risktopic.
Unlike completed buildings, buildings under construction or renovation may involve a number of conditions that support fire ignition. Once stated, these buildings also offer further conditions that support both fire development and fire spread. For example:
Hot work will be underway with cutting, welding, soldering, brazing, grinding and other similar operations that present open flames, hot slag, and sparks.
Combustibles, including construction materials and waste, are often present in significant concentrations that can readily supply the fuel needed for a fire.
Fire protection systems that are being installed are not typically placed in service until the end of the project. They will not be available to assist in the prompt, automatic control of a fire that may start.
Compartmentation and firestopping systems will be incomplete or unavailable to assist with the control of fire spread.
Fire service access may be hampered by temporary buildings, equipment staging, site work, temporary bracing and other impediments not present with completed buildings.
Water supply availability may be limited and lead to greater manual effort to place hose streams in service to fight a fire.
When a new construction project begins, the potential for fire is often rather low. Earth moving, underground utility installation and foundation work often involve minimal fire exposure to the building or structure to be erected.
However, at some point, combustibles are introduced to a site, and from that point forward the quantities will be in a constant state of change. Permanent fire protection systems are usually not placed into service until a project nears completion. That means that fire extinguishment will rely upon far less effective manual fire protection measures.
The following are lists of activities, ignitions sources, and ignitable materials that play a role in the increased likelihood of fire at construction sites.
Number of Pages of Project Report: 72
Package Includes: Synopsis/Project Proposal + Project Report
Project Format: Document (.doc)
Table of Contents of Project Report:
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 2: INDUSTRY PROFILE
CHAPTER 3: RATIONALE OF THE STUDY
CHAPTER 4: NEED FOR THE STUDY
CHAPTER 5: STATEMENT FOR THE PROBLEM
CHAPTER 6: OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
CHAPTER 7: SCOPE OF THE STUDY
CHAPTER 8: LITERATURE REVIEW
CHAPTER 9: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
TYPE OF RESEARCH METHOD
DATA ANALYSIS METHOD
CHAPTER 10: DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
CONTRIBUTION FROM THE STUDY
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH